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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11055/849
Title: Effects of esmolol on QTc interval changes during tracheal intubation: a systematic review.
Authors: Thiruvenkatarajan V
Lee JY
Sembu M
Watts R
Van Wijk RM
ANZCA/FPM Author: Thiruvenkatarajan V
van Wijk, R
Keywords: QTc interval
arrhythmia
esmolol
general anaesthesia
laryngoscopy
tracheal intubation
Citation: 2019 Apr 24;9(4):e028111.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Esmolol is an ultra-short-acting β1 antagonist that has been shown to attenuate the corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation associated with laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation (LTI). Prolongation of the QTc interval can precipitate arrhythmias, the most serious of which is torsades de pointes . The aim of this systematic review was to compare esmolol and placebo on QTc changes occurring during LTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Registry of Clinical Trials and CINAHL databases (up to August 2018) were screened for randomised controlled trials comparing esmolol and placebo on QTc changes during LTI in cardiac and non-cardiac surgeries. The primary outcome was QTc changes during LTI and secondary outcome was related to adverse effects from esmolol such as bradycardia and hypotension. RESULTS: Seven trials were identified involving 320 patients, 160 patients receiving esmolol or placebo apiece. A shortening of the QTc post-LTI was evident in the esmolol group compared with the placebo in four studies. Compared with the baseline, the QTc was reduced post-LTI in the esmolol group. In the placebo group, the QTc was prolonged compared with the baseline post LTI. Nonetheless, esmolol did not prevent QTc prolongation in the remaining three studies, and much of this was attributed to employing QTc prolonging agents for premedication and anaesthetic induction. No significant adverse events were noted. CONCLUSION: Compared with placebo, esmolol reduced the LTI-induced QTc prolongation when current non-QTc prolonging agents were chosen for tracheal intubation. Future studies should explore whether transmural dispersion (a marker of torsadogenicity) is also affected during LTI by analysing parameters such as the Tp-e interval (interval between the peak to the end of the T-wave) and Tp-e/QTc (rate corrected Tp-e interval). TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018090282.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11055/849
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028111
PubMed URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31023764
Journal Title: BMJ Open
Type: Journal Article
Study/Trial: Clinical Trial
Appears in Collections:Scholarly and Clinical

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